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14 Animals Who Changed History

animals who changed history

Animals are sentient beings, who are far more powerful than we give them credit for. We enjoy them as pets, and since they are often super intelligent, they have also made great contributions to history. Here are 14 animals who changed history!

Bucephalus, The Bold, Conquering Warhorse

There are many impressive mythological horses, like Pegasus and Unicorns, but the real life Bucephalus puts them all to shame. He was large, black, and complete with a gorgeous white star on his forehead. It is no enigma as to why Alexander the Great became so interested in him.

animals who changed history

Legend says that Bucephalus was untamed and petrified of his own shadow, so nobody was interested him, despite his incredibly large size. He and Alexander the great were the best of friends, conquering half of the world, and when the horse passed away, Alexander named a whole region after his precious noble steed.

Laika The Space Dog

There are some dogs that lived a much more interesting life than most humans, such as Laika, and her legacy is still strong today. She was born as a stray in the freezing streets of Moscow, and was chosen as a canine cosmonaut for the Soviet Space Program. Pretty impressive for a canine, no?

animals who changed history

The program specifically selected Muscovite stray dogs because they were intelligent, tough, and could handle anything. Laika was launched into space on Sputnik 2 in 1957, making her the first animal ever to orbit Earth, but unfortunately died during the operation from overheating.

Tesla’s the Strange Scientist and His Pigeon

“Mad scientist” was the easiest and most accurate way to describe Tesla, mostly because he was especially a weirdo when it came to pigeons. He adored pigeons, and had many of them as as domestic companions. He had an especially tight bond with a female pigeon, whom was described as being the “purpose to his life.”

animals who changed history

In 1924, this pigeon landed at his window, and he was able to catch onto her attempts to let him know that she was dying. Tesla stated that a light shot out from her eyes, which was the brightest thing he ever saw.

Congo, The Artistic Chimpanzee

Since Charles Darwin first released The Origin of Species, there has been this fad of an interest in humanity’s relationship to its cousins, otherwise known as apes. Congo was a chimpanzee with an especially unique talent for abstract impressionist art, and he took this fascination to a place you can’t even imagine.

animals who changed history

Congo was born in 1954, and began painting at the age of two. He had a portfolio of 400 works of art by his fourth birthday. They were crazy good; in fact, so good, that Picasso himself was an enthusiastic fan of Congo’s work, and displayed his paintings in his home, as well as his very own art studio. Props, Congo!

The Snake That Managed to Kill Cleopatra

Cleopatra was lacking in the luck department during the year 30 BC.. Her empire was on the verge of being conquered, her ex-boyfriend’s family had taken her lands, and her love, Marc Anthony, killed himself…can you imagine the despair? So, she opted to peace out, as well, by finding a venomous snake to bite and kill her.

animals who changed history


Her death had a direct impact on the Roman Empire, which in turn, has affected pretty much everything on the planet. The snake who eased her journey, however, didn’t seem to show much remorse.

The Pig Killed the King

Philip of France was killed by a pig, without having any way to bargain his way out of it (not that anyone would choose to end their fate this way). In 1131, just two years after getting his crown, Philip was riding with his buddies along the Seine, when suddenly, a random pig bolted out of nowhere.

animals who changed history


Philip’s horse went crazy, and with Philip still on the horse, the horse flung him off its back. His injuries were so severe, that he died the next day. His successor, Louis VII, was the idiot who got France into the catastrophic Second Crusade, and we all know how tragic and disastrous that was.

Killer Monkey in the Garden

In October of 1920, King Alexander of Greece was wandering through some gardens, when his dog began to fight a MONKEY. When Alexander tried to break it up, another macaque (the type of monkey) came in to defend his fellow monkey, and bit the Greek ruler, causing quite a bit of damage.

animals who changed history


His wound became infected, killing Alexander at the age of only 27, and caused the Greek monarchy to enter a tumultuous series of events, and you can only imagine what that consisted of. Political instability ensued, and the nasty Greco-Turkish came after that, as well. Thanks a lot, monkey!

Let’s Just Blame The Cow

In 1871, The Great Chicago Fire killed hundreds of people, and managed to destroy several square miles of Chi-Town. Of course this brought on the need for a scapegoat, but the public focused on a cow—a “scapecow”, if you catch our drift.

animals who changed history


Soon after the fire, a Chicago Tribune reporter, Michael Ahern, fabricated a story that the ridiculous incident started when a cow that belonged to the O’Leary family, had kicked over a lantern, which eventually, raised hell. Well, literally fiery hell.

The Itsy Bitsy Spider Built a Web In a Cave

Robert the Bruce earned his place in history as one of Scotland’s most successful and charismatic leaders, the leader who kicked off the Wars of Independence against England (not so relevant after Brexit, though). However, Robert may never have gotten to where he did without a little spider.

animals who changed history


In 1306, Robert hid in a cave on Rathlin Island. There, he continuously watched a spider attempting to build a web across the cave walls each day, only resulting in the harsh weather destroying it. The spider never stopped, regardless of the adversity, and Robert was so inspired, that he returned to war with English, determined to achieve freedom for Scotland.

Sergeant Stubby the Puppy Solider

Sergeant Stubby was THE war dog of World War I, and the only pooch to ever to be promoted to Sergeant. Can you imagine how cute and honorable the Sergeant’s salute of a paw shake was? He wasn’t just some mascot, but rather a genuine warrior who significantly affected his unit mates.

animals who changed history

He managed to save his fellow soldiers from mustard gas attacks, and caught a German spy! How humiliating for that spy, right? “Yeah, Lieutenant, I got caught by a dog.” #suckstosuck

Tibbles, the Hunting Kitty Cat

Humans, collectively, are the worst animals, simply because they have egos. They have been the cause of the extinction of many species, but Tibbles the domestic feline takes the cake on having taken out the Stephens Island Wren…which is a species of bird that is now extinct thanks to him.

animals who changed history


Her owner was a lighthouse owner, and this feisty feline enjoyed hunting down every last bird, who were hopeless in winning against her predatory self. Tibbles is the only case of a single living animal to eradicate an entire species…that is known officially, at least.

Balto, the Leader of the Pack

So just to change things up a bit, let’s honor the animal that actually saved an entire population. In 1925, a town in Alaska, called Nome, suffered from a horrid outbreak of diphtheria…which doesn’t sound fun because it was no fun at all.

animals who changed history


Several teams of sled dogs rushed to the city of Anchorage to fetch the antitoxin, which could savethe population. For 1,000 miles, the husky, Balto was the leader of the pack who managed to endure whiteout blizzards, and even saved his team from dangerous natural phenomenons, like certain risky rivers. He even had a movie named after him, commemorating his nobility.

Jim, the Medical Miracle

A horse named Jim was responsible for creating a cure for diphtheria. Jim had a job of just pulling a milk wagon when he unfortunately contracted diphtheria. The noble steed didn’t die, and doctors were shocked to discover that he developed antibodies to rid himself of it.

animals who changed history


Jim’s incredible immune system was used to make a serum for humans, with incredible success! All was well, until Jim unfortunately got tetanus. It turns out that a lot of the serum extracted from Jim’s blood had been contaminated with tetanus…poor horsey.

Dolly, the Cloned Sheep (Baaaaah)

Dolly was a miracle in nature as we know it. She was the first mammal to ever be cloned successfully! Dolly had a grand total of three different mothers: one mama who provided the egg, a second one for the DNA, and a third to carry her until she popped out. That’s a lot of mamas!

animals who changed history


Dolly’s cloning breakthrough led to heavy consideration on the behalf of the scientific community about cloning other animals, even extinct ones (can you imagine a cloned saber-toothed tiger?) Therefore, Dolly did not only revolutionize our understanding of genetics, but she posed as a central catalyst for bringing back an array of extinct species.

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Source: SparkNotes

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Copyright © 2019 Novelty Magazines Ltd. All rights reserved